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Creamware is a type of refined earthenware that was mass produced in England from 1750 to 1840. This pottery was first produced by pottery of Staffordshire in 1750 who refined the processes of salt-glazed earthenware towards a finer, thinner, glassy lead glaze which was ideal for domestic wares so much so that by 1780 the older process of salt-glazing was replaced by this technique (Kybalova 1898).

This fragment of pottery would have certainly belonged to a plate or shallow bowl and you can see from the shaped edge that this would have been the rim of the object. Other forms of vessel this type of pottery was used for would have been bowls, cups, pitchers, plates and platters (Kybalova 1989). There was a large number of fragments of creamware that was found within Trench I, the hall trench as well as a few sherds being discovered in both Trench II (garden trench) and Trench III (water feature trench) (Woods 2012). This particular fragment was found within a context that belonged to the demolition phase of the Hall, the dates of which coincide with the Paxton era of the estate (Woods 2012).

Kybalova, J. 1989 European Creamware. Michell Beazley.

Woods, M. 2012 The National Botanic Garden of Wales: A History Through Finds. University of Wales, Trinity Saint David. Unpublished

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